Category Archives: Projects

Sieg SC2 mini lathe

I got my mini lathe today!

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It looks great next to the SX2 mill.

Now I can start making more worm wheels. Watch this space…..

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Canon EOS 600D IR filter Replacement Results

A couple of weekends ago, late on a Sunday afternoon I decided that the time was right to open up my 600D. I suppose I was in a hurry and couldn’t wait any longer. The clear glass replacement filter has just been sitting there and I was already prepared with all my tools and silicon, etc.

So I did it.

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Opening the camera up was pretty easy. I used the following websites to guide me along:

http://dslrmodifications.com/rebelmod450d1.html

http://www.lifepixel.com/tutorials/infrared-diy-tutorials/canon-t3i

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A large number of very small and delicate connectors have to be disconnected.

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Eventually the CCD assembly can be removed.

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This is the complete filter and imaging chip assembly, before I took it apart (and almost broke it…)

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The piezoelectric element is removed here..

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And here I was too impatient and broke the IR cut filter. The crack line can be seen from top left to bottom right. I should have ready the instructions in more detail! Take it from me, don’t be in a hurry when you do this. Fortunately there was no damage to the imager chip and after I cleaned all the filter glass fragments off the CCD surface I could start the assembly process again.

The clearglass filter replaced both the IR cut filter and the piezoelectric filter element. I have now modified the camera to a full spectrum camera.

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Pieces of the IR cut filter. This is not the way to do it!

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Inside of camera, looking at the back of the shutter.

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Putting it all together was reasonably easy. The most difficult part was to get the imaging assembly in the correct position to allow the auto focus to work properly.  I will have to make some more adjustments to get the auto focus to be more accurate. It can wait as I mostly use manual focus for astrophotography anyway.

A big sigh of relief when the camera fires up and still works !

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A weekend later and I was testing the camera under an almost dark sky. Nothing spectacular but just confirming that it all works as it should.

Orion Nebula (M42 / M43)

Picture saved with settings embedded.

 

Large Magelanic Cloud (LMC)

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Coalsack with the Southern Cross and two pointers

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And, the evening would not have been complete without a image of Carina.

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Added a declination axis to the tracker

This project is never going to end…..

I have been very busy at work over the last 10 months and have done very little with my projects or even observing under the night skies. Over the Christmas break I started a little project to add a declination axis on the tracker to be able to install my Orion 80ED. It looks a bit weird but it works a treat.

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The new dec axis is based on another 20mm mild steel rod that is clamped in a 40 x 40 x 80mm aluminium block that is mounted on the RA axis. This dec arm is currently locked in place by tightening the split block with two allen key screws. Not very elegant but rock solid. The dec axis is long enough to handle a counter weight but when I used it, I did not have any counter weight on and the system handled it without any worries. I think that it may be able to take my Meade 8″ SCT telescope if I add a counter weight as well.

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When I tested the new setup I was battling like crazy to get a guide star in view and in keep it in focus. It would really be a good idea to buy a proper guide camera to do the job properly. The webcam is ok to start with but it’s frustrating when you are trying to change to a new target quickly. The sensitivity of the webcam is not great. In a dark sky it works reasonably well but in a polluted sky it’s no good. Hopefully I can afford to spend a few hundred dollars on a dedicated autoguider camera with a ST-4 port, it would make the guiding experience much easier.  Does anybody have any recommendations for a good camera?

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I almost forgot, I have now effectively locked down the RA axis and I don’t have a clutch on the RA axis. I have to drive RA with the motor to point in any particular direction. I have added a switch and some new code on the stepper driver box to allow me to change the stepper motor speed to slew the RA axis faster or slower. It works well but I wont be able to handle a crowd at a star party with this setup!

Testing the new tracker mount with autoguider

I finished the construction of the new tracker to the point where I could test it under a suburban night sky.

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I mounted a piece of angle iron onto the RA shaft and mounted two camera ball heads on it; one for the imaging DSLR and one for the webcam autoguider.

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To align the mount I use a green laser pointer that is mounted on a bracket that sits directly on the RA shaft. This allows me to to align the mount very accurately to the SCP. I was very pleasantly surprised with the stability of this new mount. There is almost no vibration or oscillations in the mount, even when touching the mount or adjusting the settings on the camera. It is reasonably heavy but it will also be able to carry quite a payload. At this stage I have only tested it with a DSLR but the next step will be to load it up with an Orion ED 80mm to see how it performs. Maybe it will take a 8″ SCT optical tube as well …..

Due to the very light suburban conditions I only took a few photos to see how the tracking and autoguiding work on the new mount.

New Tracker-9001 Wide field view of the Southern Cross overhead taken with Canon 600D with a Tokina lens at 16mm and a single 4 minute exposure at f/3.5 and ISO-100.

New Tracker-9046 The same Canon DSLR with a Canon 60mm lens and a single 90 second exposure at f/3.2 and ISO-400.

New Tracker-9005  The same Canon DSLR with a Canon EFS 55-250mm lens at 250mm and a single 2 minute exposure at f/5.6 and ISO-400. This is the Omega Centauri globular cluster.

I am happy with the performance of the mount. The stars are mostly round. The stepper motor has a nice quiet hum and the worm and worm gear seems to hit it off quite well without binding.  It all works quite smoothly. I must also mention that the autoguiding software from Stark Labs; PHD Guiding (http://www.stark-labs.com/phdguiding.html) works beautifully and I could focus on the imaging and let the software and webcam look after the tracking.

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I guess the next step is to take this new setup out to a dark spot under a clear sky and see what it can do. I can’t wait!

Progress on the new tracker with an ACME thread worm

I have now made a new worm gear and worm with a 10×2 ACME threaded rod (10mm diameter with a 2mm pitch). I milled a few slots into a section of the ACME threaded rod to try and make a tap. It works quite well but this “ACME tap” cannot start the aluminium worm blank in the same way as the M10 thread would.

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This meant that I would have had to manually cut or saw the starter slots into the blank for the ACME thread to lock onto. It’s quite a bit more work with about 200 odd slots to cut! Eventually I got a M14 tap with a 2mm pitch and I started the worm with that until there were well defined teeth in the worm wheel. I then changed to my home made ACME tap and continued until the worm gear was done. A new ACME worm was then mounted on the guider with two pillow blocks that I used previously. The assembly is quite heavy but very solid.

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The worm has not been cleaned up yet. I still have to spend some time with the worm gear pair and some metal polish and let them work themselves into a smooth finish. There is a small section on the worm that is not great and I will avoid using that section when I use the tracker under the stars.

The tracker will be mounted on a Meade wedge at first until I make a more solid wedge out of a few steel plates. The orientation of the tracker’s RA shaft is 90 degrees different to the normal. Fortunately the Meade wedge can adjust far enough and I can reach the southern celestial pole with this unconventional configuration.

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The thick aluminium plate will be cut smaller at the top end to allow for the mounting of a DSLR camera and a guidecam on a ball head. Later I will have to figure out a way to mount an ED80 and a Meade 8″ SCT optical tube on the RA shaft.

New Astrophotography Tracker Mount – Status Update

I have made some progress on the new mount. See the photos below…

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I have learnt quite a few new lessons already. One important lesson was not to cut the M10 thread too deep into the worm gear disk. It causes the M10 worm to bind very easily when the worm/gear assembly alignment is not absolutely perfect. I have now ordered a 10×2 mild steel threaded rod with an ACME thread (10mm diameter with a 2mm pitch). The ACME thread is much more suitable for a worm gear than the M10 type thread.

I still have to figure out how to mount the tracker onto my Meade tripod. I have a few ideas and will have to try it out soon.

The other important item that is stil outstanding is the bracket for the camera and guidecam on the end of the RA shaft. It should not be a problem.